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The History of Grateley

Part four: The Tudor/stuart Period 1485 - 1714 

The Tudor Period 1485 - 1603
Hampshire, and obviously Grateley was not the scene of any momentous events during the period immediately before this when, the Houses of York and Lancaster were embroiled in a bloody war in the midlands and north. The death of Richard III and marriage of his successor to the heiress of the House of York finally brought peace.

This was not so for the monasteries. There were about 60 monasteries in Hampshire, the nearest to Grateley being those at Andover, Wherwell and Mottisfont. The monks, nuns, etc were turned out of their monasteries and their estates taken by the King. Some of these estates were then dispensed to the King's cronies.

Grateley probably went on its own sweet way during these turbulent times with the Lordship changing hands as recorded but having little effect on the ordinary man.

Henry VIII sanctioned the reformation of the church in 1534. The Bible and Prayer book was now translated into English and ordered to be read in that language which, no doubt, was carried out at St Leonard's. At last, the general population could understand the services rather than listening for the tinkle of a bell indicating an important part of the service in Latin.
It must have been a difficult period for the church on the ascension of Mary in 1553 when protestants were persecuted with "Fire and sword" and the swing back in 1558 when Elizabeth I ascended the throne and the Roman Catholics became the objects of persecution.

Overall, little would have changed in Grateley there being no monastery, great estates and contentious clergymen. Not so in Winchester where at least one archdeacon and one gentleman were burned at the stake.
The Stuart period 1603 - 1714
During this period the Parsonage and Registers of Grateley were destroyed on 10th May 1643, during the Civil War between Charles I and Parliament. This could have happened when the King's army, under Prince Maurice, marched from Salisbury on Andover to where the Parliamentary Army had retired in the face of a much superior force. The King's army would have to pass through Grateley and Monxton as both villages, at that time, were on the main road from Salisbury to Andover.

It is interesting to note that the muster at Monxton comprised the constable, four men with corselets and three with muskets. Presumably a similar force would be raised in Grateley. At that time all men between the ages of 16 and 60 were liable for military service but few attended musters when called.

I can see why they retired to Andover in the face of the King's large force, measured in thousands, of horse and probably twice as many foot soldiers.

A cottage was erected on the site of the ruined parsonage but "there is no building that could be called a Parsonage." There is reference to Parsonage House in the 1851 census (see later) when John Batt, a retired farmer, lived there; and in the Hampshire Gazetteer for 1859 it is still described as a run down, dilapidated building. 

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