|The Lordship of Grateley Manor, one of several in Hampshire, was held by the Mauduit family with some vicissitudes from the late 12C until 1379, at which time it passed to the Greene family of Northampton until 1499.|
Although William Mauduith held seven manors in Hampshire at the time of the Domesday Book (1086) Grateley was not one of them. For interest I list the manors held by WilliamRuenore (Rownham) in the Ticefel (Titchfield) Hundred.
Herlege (Hartely Maudit) in the Neteham (Neatham) Hundred
Beffete (?) in the same Hundred
Porcestre (Porchester) in the Portesdon (Portsdown) Hundred.
Candevre (Candover Brown and Chilton) in Bermesplet Hundred.
Seldene (Sheldean) in the Odiham Hundred.
Fifhide (Fifehead) in the Andovre Hundred.
The last being the nearest to Grateley.
In 1130 the King’s Sheriff had receipt of the taxes from the Manor.
By 1167 William Mauduit, Chamberlain to Henry II and a descendant of William Mauduith who was Chamberlain to William the Conqueror, was lord of the manor.
It is recorded in the Charter Rolls that Edward II gave Thomas Mauduit the grant of free warren in the Manor of Grateley in 1318.
Thomas sided against the King at the battle of Boroughbridge in 1322 and lost, as he did the manor and his life after capture.
In 1332 the manor was restored to John Mauduit (son of Thomas) by Edward III.
John Mauduit died 1364, passing the lordship to his daughter, Maud, who married Sir Henry Greene. Sir Henry was Privy Councillor to Richard II but this did not stand him in good stead as he was executed on the orders of Henry Bolinbrooke and the manor reverted to the Crown once more.
When Henry assumed the throne he returned the manor to Henry Greene’s son, Ralph, who was eventually knighted and died Lord of the Manor in 1417.
Sir Ralph was succeeded by his brother, John, who died Lord of the Manor in 1433, when his son, Henry, succeeded. He was twice married but died without a male heir and the daughter, Constance, carried the Lordship by marriage to John Stafford third surviving son of the first Duke of Buckingham. Lord John Stafford was created Earl of Wiltshire in 1470.
Edward, second Earl of Wiltshire, died Lord of the Manor without issue in 1499.
The manor was then divided between two families by reversion to the heirs of Sir Henry Greene’s sisters, Lady de Vere and Lady Huddlestone until 1577 when Lord Audley and father-in-law bought the whole Lordship from the owners.
Lord Audley died in 1617 and the manor then came to the Carey family from Carey Street, London from whom Leonard Pickering purchased the lordship.
The lordship was then left in his will to his niece Miss Pickering through whom it was sold, for about £10,000 in 1991 to ’a Midlands business man with happy memories of a childhood in Grateley’.
Major landowners in later (19C) years were Lord Lawrence of the Punjab and Grateley and Leonard Pickering Esq. and later the Marquis of Winchester.
There is reference to Baron Ennisdale of Grateley (family name Lyons) created on 7th June 1939, which became extinct in 1963. Has anybody any knowledge of this?
I am indebted to Enid Smith in Chapel Lane for the loan of the Hampshire Domesday Book by Richard Warner Jnr.1789 and to William Boutcher-West for information on the holders of the lordship of Grateley Manor.
All text and images©Grateley Parish Council